Hands-on learning about geography: Water and Land Formations
Children learn best when they are using their hands and minds at the same time. This method of learning stimulates multiple areas of the brain at the simultaneously and encourages focus and engagement. That is why it’s so important to provide concrete representations and hands-on learning activities for young children, when possible.
When it comes to math and science, it’s not so difficult to come up with these sorts of activities. With math, you can use raisins, beads, or beans to represent numbers. With science, it’s impossible not to use your hands and concrete materials when performing an experiment.
How can I teach my young child about geography?
But what about geography? How do you give a concrete representation of something as massive as a lake or an inlet? Of course, you can take your child to an actual lake or inlet, but they are only going to get a view from the edge of the water. They can only imagine what lies beyond their view!
To give children a concrete representation of the different land and water forms, the Montessori Method of presenting this is probably the best way to go.
In a proper Montessori environment, the Sandpaper Globe would be introduced before this activity. However, there is no reason you can’t do this activity with your child after they are familiar with a map and/or a regular globe.
Remember, you don’t have to go “full Montessori”. There is nothing wrong with doing some Montessori activities here and there. You’re child will reap the benefits either way!
Is there a fun way to teach geography?
Not only will this activity help your child understand geography better, but… it’s a really fun way of doing it.
This activity is probably my daughter’s absolute favorite Montessori activity. Of course, because it involves water and tiny animal figurines.
This activity will enrich your child’s vocabulary, not just through the definitions (below), but through the conversation that happens during the presentation.
The vocabulary and definitions for the 8 main land and water forms that go along with this activity are as follows:
Island– A landform that is surrounded by water and that is much smaller than a continent.
Lake– A body of water that is surrounded by land and that is larger than a pond and smaller than an ocean or a sea.
Peninsula– A long sliver of land that just into the ocean and is surrounded by water on three sides.
Gulf– Part of the ocean that is mostly surrounded by land.
Isthmus– A thin strip of land that connects two larger land masses.
Strait– A narrow passage of water between two masses of land.
Cape– A landform very similar to a peninsula, but smaller and shorter.
Bay– A body of water that is partially enclosed by land with a wide opening to the ocean.
The great thing about this activity, is it involves as much Practical Life as it does geography. The child gets to pour the water into the forms, then gets to dry the forms and figurines when the lesson is over.
Onto the activity!
For this activity you can make your own formations using paper plates, modeling clay, and blue paint or purchase them. (sponsored link)
For this activity, you will need some blue colored water in a (sponsored link) small pitcher, a drying cloth, and several small objects in a basket. (Land and Sea Animals, boats, people ect.)
You are going to present the Land and Water Forms in converse relation during a given lesson. So, if you are going to present an island, you will present a lake, as well.
1– Have your child pour some blue water from the pitcher into the lake form.
2– Explain to them, “This is called a lake.” Give them a short explanation about how a lake is a body of water completely surrounded by land.
3– Have your child pour some blue water into the island form.
4– Tell them, “We call this an island.” Then, explain how an island is a land mass totally surrounded by water.
5– Ask your child to compare the forms, and talk about the differences with them.
6– Have your child remove an item from the basket and ask them to place it where it belongs, on the land, water, or air. Discuss their choice with them and let them continue to place the items until the basket is empty.
When the activity is over, have your child place the objects on a drying cloth, empty the forms in a sink, then dry the forms and small items with the cloth.
Geography, Practical Life, and fun, all in one activity!
I hope you and your child have as much fun with this activity as we did!